Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding additional development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and minimize the symptoms and in many cases there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the website neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. There might be some particular treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.